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Real World Literacy
Study Skills (Pre-Reading) Strategies
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Elements of Literature -
Preview Checklist -
Character Map -
Character Map 2.pdf
Character Map for Story.pdf
Graphic Question-Answer Relationship -
This before, during, and after reading strategy helps students improve their comprehension by illustrating the relationship between questions and answers in picture books. QAR employs three types of questions:
can be answered with wording that comes directly from the text. Factual questions fall into this category.
require the reader to draw conclusions and make inferences based on the information found in the text. To answer the question, the reader must engage in higher-level thinking: interpreting, explaining, summarizing, defining, analyzing, etc.
or prior knowledge questions ask readers to predict outcomes based on their own experience
Venn Diagram -
The Venn diagram is graphical organizer used to compare and contrast. This strategy is borrowed from the field of mathematics, and is applicable in almost any content area. In literacy this diagram can be used to organize thoughts or key ideas such as comparing characters or ideas in a story, or main characters of different stories, or used as a prewriting technique to help organize thoughts for paragraphs of comparison. These diagrams can be used whole group with the teacher leading a brainstorm, or as individual or group work to help organize thoughts.
To use a Venn diagram, all you need is to be able to draw a circle. They require very little materials or setup. In discussion, group, or individually, students are asked to break key ideas into one of the two categories, or perhaps both. They then place this item in the appropriate section of the diagram. Things that don't belong in either section, but perhaps are important to the topic would go on the outside of the diagram.
Higher Order Thinking Using Venn Diagrams -
Story Maps -
The organizers are intended to focus on the key elements of character, setting, conflict, and resolution development. Students can develop multiple characters, for example, in preparation for writing their own fiction, or they may reflect on and further develop characters from stories they have read. After completing individual sections or the entire organizer, students have the ability to print out their final versions for feedback and assessment. The versatility of this tool allows it to be used in multiple contexts.
Story Map Graphic Organizer 1.pdf
Story Map Graphic Organizer 2.pdf
Story Pyramid -
Create your pyramid -
Story Pyramid Template.pdf
Story Frame -
Story Frame Information and Template.doc
Graphic Organizers used as Literature Strategies -
For Reading Comprehension -
Herringbone Technique -
This technique helps develop comprehension of the main idea by asking the questions WHO, WHAT, WHEN, WHERE, HOW, and WHY.
Herringbone Technique Information.pdf
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