Elements of Literature - http://www.roanestate.edu/owl/ElementsLit.html

Preview Checklist -

Character Map -

Graphic Question-Answer Relationship - This before, during, and after reading strategy helps students improve their comprehension by illustrating the relationship between questions and answers in picture books. QAR employs three types of questions:
  • Text-explicit questions can be answered with wording that comes directly from the text. Factual questions fall into this category.
  • Text-implicit questions require the reader to draw conclusions and make inferences based on the information found in the text. To answer the question, the reader must engage in higher-level thinking: interpreting, explaining, summarizing, defining, analyzing, etc.
  • Script-implicit questions or prior knowledge questions ask readers to predict outcomes based on their own experience

Venn Diagram - The Venn diagram is graphical organizer used to compare and contrast. This strategy is borrowed from the field of mathematics, and is applicable in almost any content area. In literacy this diagram can be used to organize thoughts or key ideas such as comparing characters or ideas in a story, or main characters of different stories, or used as a prewriting technique to help organize thoughts for paragraphs of comparison. These diagrams can be used whole group with the teacher leading a brainstorm, or as individual or group work to help organize thoughts.
To use a Venn diagram, all you need is to be able to draw a circle. They require very little materials or setup. In discussion, group, or individually, students are asked to break key ideas into one of the two categories, or perhaps both. They then place this item in the appropriate section of the diagram. Things that don't belong in either section, but perhaps are important to the topic would go on the outside of the diagram.

Story Maps - The organizers are intended to focus on the key elements of character, setting, conflict, and resolution development. Students can develop multiple characters, for example, in preparation for writing their own fiction, or they may reflect on and further develop characters from stories they have read. After completing individual sections or the entire organizer, students have the ability to print out their final versions for feedback and assessment. The versatility of this tool allows it to be used in multiple contexts.

Story Pyramid -

Story Frame -

Graphic Organizers used as Literature Strategies -

Herringbone Technique - This technique helps develop comprehension of the main idea by asking the questions WHO, WHAT, WHEN, WHERE, HOW, and WHY.